TOPEKA — Three times as many advance ballots have been returned by Kansas voters in this primary election compared to 2018 as Republicans, Democrats, Libertarians and independents converge to influence outcome of a controversial amendment that would remove the right to abortion from the Kansas Constitution.

On Monday, Secretary of State Scott Schwab said 270,000 people had voted in-person or by mail ahead of the Tuesday primary. Kansas has fallen under an international spotlight by conducting the nation’s first statewide vote on abortion rights since the U.S. Supreme Court reversed Roe v. Wade in June.

Schwab said 233,000 people had cast ballots in Kansas at this juncture in the 2020 primary, which featured the presidential vote. A mere 89,000 advance votes had been documented by now in 2018.

He predicted turnout in Kansas could reach 36% or about 680,000 given importance placed on the abortion amendment and presence of completive partisan primaries.

Forces on both sides of the abortion debate continued to press potential voters to express their views on the Value Them Both amendment nullifying a 2019 Kansas Supreme Court decision that declared the right to bodily autonomy, including abortion, existed in the state constitution’s Bill of Rights.

Heavyweights sound off

Former Kansas GOP Congressman Mike Pompeo, who served as U.S. secretary of state under President Donald Trump, urged people to vote for the amendment.

He said the amendment’s text “simply affirms that Kansans have the right to legislate abortion through their representatives and not be overruled by the courts.”

Democratic Gov. Laura Kelly, who said she voted against the amendment, said preservation of existing reproductive rights of women necessitated rejection of the amendment. A simple majority of Kansans participating in the vote will decide the amendment’s fate.

“Get out and vote. This is your opportunity to have a voice in how our state operates. It’s very important,” Kelly said. “You know, people tend to overlook the primary elections. They should not. This is a really important one, and I hope that everybody gets out.”

Attorney General Derek Schmidt, a Republican certain to win the party’s nomination for governor, said he would join pro-life Kansans voting for the amendment. He said voters of Kansas would “show the path forward for Kansas” in terms of abortion politics.

The polls across Kansas will be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Tuesday. 

Passage of the amendment would eliminate constitutional protections of abortion rights in Kansas, possibly triggering new regulations by the Legislature. Rejection of the amendment would mean the state constitution continued to guarantee women access to abortion.

The amendment, written by legislators and lobbyists opposed to abortion, didn’t include language preserving exemptions from prohibitions to save the life of a woman or in cases of rape or incest.

The statewide vote followed the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade, which for nearly 50 years provided women the right to abortion nationwide. That 5-4 decision ignited debate in the 50 states about affirming or rejecting abortion rights.

It also served to draw intense scrutiny of the previously scheduled vote in Kansas on the constitutional amendment inspired by the state Supreme Court decision.

Personal perspectives

The campaign for and against the Kansas amendment, which has consumed more than $11 million, inspired misinformation and confusion. For example, advocates of the amendment argued rejection of the measure would lead to late-term abortions or public funding of the procedure. Neither is a certainty. Likewise, opponents of the amendment said passage would lead to a ban on abortion. That’s possible, but not an absolute.

State Sen. Cindy Holscher, an Overland Park Democrat and opponent of the amendment, said she was disturbed by the millions of dollars spent by Catholic dioceses in Kansas to persuade individuals to vote for the Value Them Both amendment. She said in a column published by The Kansas City Star no state or body of citizens should have the religious doctrine of one faith imposed on them, she said.

“The implications to women’s and religious freedom are staggering,” Holscher said.

Patrick Penn, a Republican state representative from Wichita, recommended in a Brietbart column that Kansans vote for the amendment. He offered a personal perspective while outlining his mother’s decision not to have an abortion.

“She, with little to no support from those who were closest to her, was being pressured to have an abortion,” Penn said. “Instead, my mother courageously chose life for her first son against all odds and despite the circumstances. Though the situation was not ideal, she understood the value of the life and the weight of the decision she had to make.”

Advocates who delivered two-thirds majorities in the state House and Senate required to place the amendment on statewide ballots decided to conduct the vote on abortion during the August primary. Their calculation was to take advantage of typically high voter turnout among Republicans and modest turnout by Democrats in primaries.

Regardless of the outcome, the vigorous campaign on abortion rights served as an indication culture wars in the United States were far from over. The abortion vote also could deepen the philosophical split between urban and rural voters in Kansas, with the amendment prevailing in the state’s sparsely populated counties and failing in population centers of Johnson, Douglas and Wyandotte counties.