Census Bureau, the VFW commends their service and sacrifice in protecting our country with this 2021 article in their monthly magazine. .
Like many veterans whose military service paved a path to success in civilian life, African American veterans have used the experience and discipline they acquired in the military to attain prominent positions in the civilian world.
Here are some of the best-known African American celebrities whose contributions to popular culture and society began after their discharge from the armed forces.
Service: Air Force
Morgan Freeman enlisted in the Air Force in 1955, harboring dreams of becoming a fighter pilot like those he watched on film. His interest in flying led him to turn down a drama scholarship to Jackson State University in Mississippi prior to enlisting. While in the Air Force, Freeman was a radar technician and eventually rose up the ranks to airman 1st class after nearly four years.
He left the Air Force in 1959 and turned his sights back on an acting career, eventually earning his first on-screen appearance during the 1964 TV soap opera “Another World.”
Tracy Marrow, aka Ice-T
Tracy Marrow, a Newark, New Jersey, native, lost both of his parents at an early age, leading him to bounce among several relatives before settling with an aunt in Los Angeles at 12 years old.
After high school, desperate for a means of income, he joined the Army to support his girlfriend and their daughter.
Marrow served for four years in the 25th Infantry Division at Schofield Barracks in Hawaii. Marrow supported his musical interests by purchasing stereo equipment that included turntables, a mixer and speakers while serving as a squad leader.
After the military, Marrow found success as Ice-T in the early days of Hip Hop, becoming a prominent figure of the genre during the 1980s. He would win a Grammy for Best Rap Performance by an artist in 1991 before turning his sights toward acting.
Berry Gordy Jr.
War: Korean War
Known as the founder of Motown Records in Detroit, Berry Gordy paved the way for what became a revered Motown sound that included pioneers of music like Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, Smokey Robinson and The Temptations.
Gordy, however, spent his early life as a journeyman. He dropped out of school to pursue a career as a boxer, which was cut short after the Army drafted him to serve during the Korean War in 1951.
When his service ended in 1953, Gordy found himself an employee on an assembly line at the Ford Motor Company in Detroit. He began writing music then, which he parlayed into a career by borrowing $700 from his father to form his own company to make and sell records.
The Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame enshrinee was nicknamed “The Admiral” during his career with the San Antonio Spurs of the National Basketball Association. Robinson, who graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, where he majored in mathematics, served in the Navy from 1983 to 1989.
Upon receiving his commission, Robinson was assigned to the Civil Engineering Corps at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in Georgia. Besides doing engineering work, he also helped the Navy with its recruiting campaigns. The 7-foot-1-inch Robinson was drafted by the Spurs in 1987 and played for the franchise from 1989 until his retirement in 2003.
Renowned for his role as a philanthropist off the court, on March 23, 2003, then-NBA Commissioner David Stern announced that future winners of the NBA Community Assist Award would receive the David Robinson Plaque with the inscription, “Following the standard set by NBA Legend David Robinson, who improved the community piece by piece.”
James Earl Jones
War: Korean War
Before voicing Darth Vader in the “Star Wars” movie franchise, James Earl Jones joined the Army in 1953 following his time at the University of Michigan, where he excelled in the Pershing Rifles Drill Team and Scabbard and Blade Honor Society. He did basic training at Fort Benning, Ga., before attending Ranger school and helping establish a cold weather training command near Leadville, Colorado.
Although Jones considered pursuing a military career, he discharged from the Army as a 1st lieutenant and set his sights on acting. Jones’ acting career is draped in success, as he was just the second male African-American actor to receive an Academy Award nomination for his work in “The Great White Hope” (1970).
He’s received two Tony Awards, an honorary Academy Award, two Emmy Awards and a Grammy Award.
Laurence Tureaud, aka Mr. T
Before pounding on Sylvester Stallone’s Rocky Balboa in “Rocky III” (1982) and then becoming one of the most beloved TV characters as B.A. Baracus on NBC’s “The A-Team” (1983-1987), Laurence Tureaud found himself in the Army.
He enlisted in the Army in 1975 and served in the Military Police Corps, where he was awarded a letter of recommendation by his drill sergeant at Fort McCoy in Wisconsin and elected “Top Trainee of the Cycle” out of 6,000 troops.
After his discharge from the Army in the late 1970s, Tureaud tried out for the National Football League’s Green Bay Packers, but a knee injury derailed his hopes of making the roster. The setback sent him back home to Chicago, where he used his Army police training to serve as a bouncer in nightclubs.
It was there that he began growing his “Mr. T” persona, which included the famous gold chains (a nod to all the discarded jewelry he picked up at nightclubs each night) and Mohawk hairdo. His reputation as a bouncer led “Mr. T” into being a personal bodyguard, charging $3,000 a night to protect celebrities that included Steve McQueen, Diana Ross and Muhammad Ali.
The “Mr. T” persona was chosen for a reality TV competition for bouncers, where he eventually caught the eye of Stallone, who quickly cast him as the notorious antagonist Clubber Lang in “Rocky III.”
Service: Army Reserve
Before Julius “Dr. J” Erving and Michael Jordan wowed basketball fans with their otherworldly hang-time and athletic grace at the shooting guard position, their predecessor was doing so while fully committed to the Army Reserve.
Elgin Baylor, the Hall of Fame shooting guard for the Los Angeles Lakers best season, however, came in his 1961-1962 campaign while stationed at Fort Lewis in Washington. While other enlisted soldiers used their weekend passes to go back home, Baylor was driving more than 1,000 miles each weekend to play for the Lakers.
Baylor’s 61-point performance in game five to take a 3-2 series lead remains a single-game finals record to this day.
War: World War II
The longtime musician, actor and activist got his start after enlisting at 19 years old in the Navy during World War II. Belafonte took advantage of his GI Bill to attend The New School for Social Research in New York City.
He used his education to delve into the music scene around New York City. This eventually led to his becoming one of the most successful Jamaican-American pop stars in history. Dubbed the “King of Calypso,” he popularized the Trinidadian-Caribbean musical style for an international audience in the 1950s.
In 1956, Belafonte’s breakthrough album “Calypso” is one of the first LP records by a single artist that sold more than a million copies worldwide. He also starred in several films simultaneously, including Otto Preminger’s hit musical “Carmen Jones” (1954), “Island in the Sun” (1957) and Robert Wise’s “Odds Against Tomorrow” (1959).
Throughout his prominent music and acting career, Belafonte also served as a voice for the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. A close confidant of Martin Luther King Jr., Belafonte continues to stand for political and humanitarian causes.
Service: Air Force Reserve
Notable for: Sheryl Underwood, a Little Rock, Arkansas, native, moved to Atwater, California, as a teenager, where she graduated from high school in 1981 and attended Fresno City College.
Following her college graduation, Underwood enlisted in the Air Force Reserve, where she served for two years while continuing her education. Today, she holds both a bachelor’s degree and a imaster’s degree.
Despite her prowess in the classroom, Underwood pursued a career in comedy, springing into the standup comedy scene by becoming the first female finalist in the 1989 Miller Light Comedy Search. From there, Underwood’s comedy trajectory earned her minor roles in movies and guest spots in several television programs.
In 2011, Underwood joined CBS’ Emmy award-winning morning show “The Talk” as a co-host. Underwood also owns and operates Pack Rat Productions, Inc., and Pack Rat Foundation for Education (PRFFE), helping raise money for students pursuing higher education at historically black colleges and universities.
Before becoming arguably the greatest guitarist in rock-n-roll history, James Marshall Hendrix of Seattle found himself with an ultimatum. A troubled childhood and a run-in with the law led a judge to give Hendrix a choice between serving two years in prison or joining the Army.
On May 31, 1961, he enlisted and was assigned to the 101st Airborne Division out of Fort Campbell in Kentucky. Although he had enlisted for three years of service, an ankle injury during a parachute jumping exercise earned him a discharge after just one year.
Hendrix then spent several years honing his guitar skills in the U.S. before exploding on the London music scene in 1966 with his band, The Jimi Hendrix Experience.
During that time, Hendrix’s career, although just a four-year odyssey of mainstream glory, propelled him into rock-n-roll lore, becoming one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century.