Millen, GA - April 14, 1919 "a White mob attacked the cultural icons of the Black community there, burning down the symbols of their religious and social solidarity. The next day “six fatalities were reported (two White officers and 4 Black men) . . . [with] several negro lodges and church buildings” burned.
Charleston, SC - May 11, 1919 A group of boozed up Navy sailors attacked and Black man and the community fought back. Three Black men died of gunshot wounds
Vicksburg, MS - May 15, 1919 In a riot spurred by rumors of an attack on a White woman, 1000 White rioters broke Lloyd Clay out of jail, then hung and burned him in the city center, according to a news article written by the Chicago Defender, the sheriff looked on as it happened.
New London, CT - June 13, 1919 Another riot involving interracial violence between sailors. When police arrested two White sailors, other White sailors raided a Black hotel and beat patrons severely. A fierce battle ensued that the town’s entire police force and fire department could not stop.
Annapolis, MD - June 27, 1919 Another riot between Black and White servicemen, joined by residents in Annapolis, occurred over the threat of each race over each others women.
Bisbee, AR - July 3, 1919 A conflict between Buffalo soldiers and members of local police forces followed an incident between a military policeman and some of the Buffalo Soldiers. At least eight people were seriously injured, and fifty soldiers were arrested.
Longview, TX - July 10, 1919 This riot ensued after a Black school teacher was beaten to death for publishing an anonymous article in the Chicago Defender about a lynching that had occurred in Longview. Local and state officials called in the Texas National Guard and the Texas Rangers who finally got the incident under control.
Washington, DC - July 19, 1919 The riots in Washington, D.C began in retaliation of Blacks being attacked by Whites the night before. The White mob – whose actions were triggered in large part by weeks of sensational newspaper accounts of alleged sex crimes by a "negro fiend" – unleashed a wave of violence that swept over the city for four days. The men beat random African-Americans, pulling them off of streetcars and beating street pedestrians. African –Americans fought back after local police refused to intervene. For four days, African-Americans and White resident fought. By July 23, reports say at least four Whites and two African-Americans were killed. In addition, a reported 50 to 150 more were injured.
Norfolk, VA - July 21, 1919 Rioting broke out during the first day of a week-long celebration to honor the return of Black troops to Norfolk, after Virginia police tried to arrest a Black soldier who was alleged to have been involved in a fight.
Chicago, IL – July 27, 1919 A young Black man visiting Lake Michigan beaches accidentally swam on the South Side, which was frequented by Whites. As a result, he was stoned and drowned. After the police refused to arrest the young man’s attackers, and instead arrested a Black man, racial violence ensured. For 13 days, White rioters destroyed the homes and businesses of African Americans. By the end of the riot, an estimated 1,000 African-American families were homeless, over 500 were injured and 60 people were killed.
Syracuse, NY - July 31, 1919 Tensions during a labor strike in Syracuse, NY led to a small riot. Polish and Italian iron molders out on strike attacked Black replacement workers hired by Globe Malleable Iron Works.
Knoxville, TN - August 30, 1919 One of the largest riots of the Red Summer began when a lynch mob stormed the county jail in search of a mulatto man who had been accused of murdering a White woman. Unable to find him, they got in a gun battle with residents of a Black neighborhood. The National Guard eventually dispersed the rioters.
Omaha, NE - September 28, 1919 This riot included a gruesome lynching, the death of two White men, and the attempted hanging of the city’s Mayor.
Elaine, Arkansas - October 1, 1919 This was the bloodiest race riot of the summer. It all began after Whites tried to disband the organization efforts of African-American, who were meeting to organize a union so that they could express their concerns to local planters. When two police officers were shot, a call went out by the sheriff for men “to hunt Mr. Nigger.” Hundreds of armed came to town and began shooting a Blacks indiscriminately. The military was called in to restore order but in the end five White men and up to 200 Blacks were reportedly killed.